How do you tell an albino gorilla from other members of his species? Perhaps, because he sports a dapper white coat? Albinism in animals and humans is associated with a number of defects such as photophobia and pertains to a complete absence of melanin, resulting in little to no color in their skin, hair and eyes. It is so rare that to date there’s only one albino gorilla on record. But albinism is not the only condition that whitens an animal's appearance.